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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2008-02
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Genesis on Hydrogen Sulfide of Feixianguan Formation in Sichuan Basin

XIE Zeng-ye1,2 LI Jian2 LI Zhi-sheng2 XIONG Yong-qiang3 WANG Chun-yi2 HAO Cui-guo2 HAN Zhong-xi2(1 China University of Mining and Technology Beijing,Beijing 100083;2 Langfang Branch,Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development,Hebei Langfang 065007;3 Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry,CAS,Guangzhou 510640)  
Hydrocarbons in oolitic reservoir gases of Feixianguan Formation in northeastern Sichuan Basin mainly consist of methane with 75%~90% of CH4,0~0.15% of C2,and the nonhydrocarbon mainly consists of H2S and CO2,and their relative contents are 5%~20% and 1%~10%,respectively.The high sulfur-bearing gas distribution area is identical to the gypseous distribution area.These is a view that the H2S in natural gases is formed by thermochemical sulfate reduction(TSR).As large-middle gas reservoirs with high H2S contents have been found in the northeastern of Sichuan basin,the study on the genetic mechanism of H2S has become the hotsport.Based on the analysis and summary of the current research status of H2S genetic mechanism at home and abroad,these experiment techniques of Gold tube pyrolysis,hydrous pyrolysis and quartz tube pyrolysis have been used to simulate the dyhrocarbon generation of marl source rock,and the stable sulfur isotopic composition of pyrolysis H2S,CaSO4 and S have been measured.The results show that it is very easy that the reaction of sulphur and n-hexane,and the quantity of generating H2S is very large under the lower temperature.Reverse,it is very difficult that the reaction of CaSO4 and n-hexane,and the quantity of generating H2S is very small under the higher temperature.The content of H2S is as high as or even over the methane during the simulation experiment of immature marl with high organic matter content,better type and large amount of FeS2 of Feixianguan formation.The stable sulfur isotopic composition of H2S originated from the reactions of n-hexane and sulphur as well as CaSO4 is higher than that of sulphur and CaSO4.The H2S in marine formation is originally sourcing from the SO2-4in formation.It is the main reason of H2S concentration in the Lower Triassic Feixianguan Fm.carbonate reservoirs in the East Sichuan Basin that the source rocks with high FeS2 generate H2S directly and the H2S origin from the reactions of hydrocarbon and sulphur in reservoirs.
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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