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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2018-04
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Eeffect of the Temperature and Pressure Conditions on the Formation of Authigene Carbonate Minerals and Iron Sulfide in a Microorganisms System

WEI MingCong;XU TianFu;BEI KeQi;JIN GuangRong;LIU Xiao;CAO YuQing;LIU Na;Key Laboratory of Groundwater Resources and Environment,Ministry of Education,Jilin University;College of Earth Sciences,Jilin University;  
Aboundant authigene carbonate minerals and iron sulfide in sea-bed methane cold seeps are important geologic markers to prospect natural gas hydrate( NGH). However,there are very limited experimental researches on their formation conditions. The aquantic chemical changes of water systems with sulfate reducing bacteria and anaerobic methanotrophic archaea under various temperatures and pressures were simulated and investigated as the first time by using a home-made sealed bioreactor system. Minerals morphology,carbonate species and iron sulfide under different temperatures and pressures were checked using scanning electron microscope( SEM) and X-ray diffraction( XRD) to study on their precipitation regulation. For the experiments under 5 ℃,8 ℃ and 10 ℃,the p H values and concentrations of HCO-3 were in ranges of 6. 5-7. 4 and 202. 55-639. 93 mg/L,respectively. The oxidation-reduction potential(ORP) stayed near-100.0 mV. For the experiments under 2.5 MPa,5.0 MPa and 7.5 MPa,the p H values and concentrations of HCO-3 were in range of 6.1-7.2 and 324.08-789.95 mg/L,respectively. The oxidation-reduction potential( ORP) was remained from-100 mV to-50.0 mV. These experimental results demonstrated that temperature and pressure might control authigene carbonate minerals formation by influence of microbial metabolism to provide the source for S~(2-)and HCO-3,which were able to form the minerals combined with cations. Calcite,siderite and iron sulfide were precipitated in all experiments whereas the HCO-3 concentration was diminishing,the S~(2-)concentration was rised and ORP decreased when the temperature was increased. The distribution of siderite and iron sulfide was increasing with temperature and S~(2-)concentration,probably indicating that increasing temperature could facilitate the formation of iron sulfide and siderite. The S~(2-)produced by microbes metabolism and negative values of ORP( below 0) were decreasing along with increasing pressure. Simultaneously,carbonate formation was increased and the distribution range of iron sulfide became wider and also better in morphology. The decrease of calcium carbonate precipitation might be controlled by the concentration of S~(2-). These results could be significant to provide insights into the storage and cycle of carbon and sulfur,and the formation mechanism of authigene minerals in global ocean.
【Fund】: 中国博士后面上基金资助项目(2015M571369);; 国家海洋地质专项工作项目(GZH201100306);; 吉林大学研究生创新基金资助项目(2014104)~~
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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