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《Acta Sedimentologica Sinica》 2018-04
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Genetic Analysis of Anomalously High Porosity Zones in Deeply Buried Reservoirs in the West Part of Northern Edge of Qaidam Basin,NW China

GUO JiaJia;SUN GuoQiang;MEN HongJian;ZHU WenJun;MA JinYe;ZHU Jun;GUAN Bin;SHI JiAn;Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources,Gansu Province/Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources Research,Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences;Development Department of PetroChina Qinghai Oilfield Company;Exploration and Development Institute of PetroChina Qinghai Oilfield Company;Petroleum Exploration Division,PetroChina Qinghai Oilfield Company;  
According to drilling data,core samples and casting thin-sections,and combined with data from scanning electron microscopy,X-diffraction,physical property statistics and well logging,the physical properties and main controlling factors are discussed in this paper for the anomalously high porosity zones in the deeply buried reservoirs in west part of northern edge of the Qiadam Basin,northwetern China. The reservoirs buried over 3 000 m in the study area were mainly formed in the Paleogene,and there were a suite of detrital deposits of braided river delta-shallow shore. The grain sizes are small,mainly in a range of silt-fine sand. The lithologies are mainly feldspar lithic sandstone and lithic feldspathic sandstone. The pore types are dominated by intergranular pore,followed by secondary pore,and a few cracks. The pores and throat paths are well matched. The sandstone formed in the distributary channel of braided river delta front and shore-shallow lake have less argillaceous matrix with better compositional and structural maturity,which are the fundamental conditions for the high quality reservoirs formation. The carbonate cements formed in the early digenetic stage play a supporting role among particles,which effectively resist to the compaction. The thick layers of under-compacted mudstone on and below the reservoirs are key factors for the preservation of primary pores,the discharge of fluids in the pore was hampered. So the fluids bear parts of the loads and lead to the preservation of the pores.
【Fund】: 中国科学院“西部之光”人才培养计划(Y304RC1SGQ);; 甘肃省自然科学基金(1308RJZA310);; 甘肃省重点实验室专项(1309RTSA041)~~
【CateGory Index】: P618.13
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