A New Kind of Crude Oils and the Geochemical Characteristics in the Dongping Area,Qaidam Basin
BAO JianPing;WANG ZhiFeng;ZHU CuiShan;WANG LiQun;CHEN Yan;ZHOU Fei;Key Laboratory of Oil & Gas Resource and Exploration Technology,Geochemistry Department,Yangtze University;Exploration & Development Institute,Qinghai Oilfield of CNPC;
Based on compositions of various biomarkers,the crude oils from northern Qaidam Basin have relatively higher Pr/Ph ratios( 2.0),moderate contents of rearranged steranes( diaC_(27)/reC_(27)= 0.5-0.7),rearranged hopane(diaC_(30)H/C30 H = 0.2-0.4) and neohopane( C29 Ts/C29 H = 0.4-0.7),and lower gammacerane( gammacerane index0.05),consistenting with depositional environments of Lower Jurassic source rocks. However,the crude oils from the north oilfields in western Qaidam Basin have the characteristics of lower Pr/Ph ratios( 0.8),lower contents of rearranged steranes( diaC_(27)/reC_(27)0.1),rearranged hopane( diaC_(30)H/C30 H0.05) and neohopane( C29 Ts/C29 H = 0.2-0.4),and abundant gammacerane( gammacerane index = 0. 4-0. 8),which may relate to saline source rocks. The crude oils from the Dongping area have a completely different biomarker assemblage from the two kinds of crude oils mentioned above in the study area,that is,abundant gammacerane( gammacerane index = 1. 2-3. 0) coexists with high rearranged steranes( diaC_(27)/reC_(27)0.4),rearranged hopane( diaC_(30)H/C_(30)H0.7) and neohopane( C_(29)Ts/C_(29)H1.5). It is very difficult to be explained by the distributions of gammacerane,rearranged steranes,rearranged hopanes and neohopanes in geological samples,because occurrence and formation of abundant gammacerane,rearranged biomarkers and neohopanes require completely different geological conditions. Furthermore,the relative compositions of various biomarkers in different crude oils from the study area suggest that this unusual biomarker assemblage in crude oils from the Dongping area is not from mixing of different crude oils,but an objective geological phenomenon,although its generation condition and geochemical significance remain unknown at present. Therefore,the crude oils having unusual biomarker assemblage are a new kind of crude oils in the Qaidam Basin,and their source rocks are probably deposited in an acid and saline environment.