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《Materials Review》 2006-S1
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Purification and Preliminary Modification of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes

SHEN Jianfeng,HUANG Weishi,WU Liping,HU Yizhe,LI Jun,YE Mingxing(Department of Materials Science, Fudan University,The Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymer, Ministry of Education, Shanghai 200433)  
A method of purifying carbon nanotubes is introduced. Firstly, alkali is used as disseminating agent to pre-treat the tentative product to make it form smaller granules with higher specific surface area and reactivity. Secondly, the amorphous carbon is eliminated with high temperature. In the end, the initial product is oxidized with a mixture of H_2SO_4(98%)/HNO_3(68%) (3∶1 v/v). Through these series of steps, the raw material of MWNTs are purified and such functional groups as carboxyl and hydroxyl are introduced which greatly improved the dispersion degree and stability of MWNTs.
【Fund】: 国防预研基金(51412020505JW0701)资助
【CateGory Index】: TB383.1
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