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《Studies of Psychology and Behavior》 2013-01
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The Performances of ADHD and Dyslexia Children in the Two Presentation Searching Conditions

Zhang Wei Key Laboratory of Addedcent Cyberpsychology and Behavior(CCNU)Ministry of Education, School of Psychology, Wuhan 430079  
In the traditional working memory and selective attention tasks, the psychological process of symbols researching is involved at the response matching stage. and the dificits of working memory of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and dyslexia children have been confirmed. To explore whether ADHD and dyslexia children reveal deficit in the presentation searching. 18 ADHD children, 11 dyslexia children(RD)and 17 controls are participated in this study. Rapid Serial Visual Presentation(RSVP)is used and two searching conditions(parallel/serial)are manipulated by the material(letters and numbers)and the ways of presentation. Results showed that the performance of disabled children were worse than control in both parallel and serial searching conditions; By comparing the change in performance from the parallel to the serial searching condition, all children displayed decline in the serial searching condition and the more difficult condition, but group differences were not found in both correct rate and reaction time, which suggested that the disabled children didn t show the deficit in the basic mechanism of presentation searching of visual selective attention, maybe the more basic phonological process deficits were related.
【Fund】: 华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(CCNU12A02003);; 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室开放课题(2012B10)的资助
【CateGory Index】: G442
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