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《Journal of Chongqing Normal University(Natural Science)》 2018-04
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Adaptive Behavior Analysis of Wild Manis javanica Introduced into Captivity

LIAO Guoyu;PENG Jianjun;HUANG Piaoyi;YU Jingyu;MA Xiaohua;College of Life Science,Chongqing Normal University;Chongqing Qiezixi Middle School;Panzhihua Jie Mao Chinese Herbal Medicine Planting Limited Company;  
[Purposes]To investigate the effect of the length of domestication time on the activity duration and starting time of Malay pangolin(Manis javanica)and whether age could affect the adaptive behavior of Malay pangolin.[Methods]The daily behavior of 2 Malay pangolins whose serial number were No.81 and No.A1 respectively,which has been introduced into the captive environment for more than 1 year,was observed and studied for about 60 d.Compared with the observation and study of the daily behavior of 2 Malay pangolins whose serial number were No.52 and No.53 respectively under the captive environment,the physiological behavior changes of wild Malay pangolin were concluded after captivity was introduced into the captivity.[Findings]The duration of day and night activity(No.52:3.83~626.63 min,No.53:3.13~269.08 min)of the 2 Malay pangolin introduced into the captive environment was shorter than that of 2 Malay pangolin(No.81:63.33~507.50 min,No.A1:31.67~765 min),which had been introduced into the captive environment.The starting time(No.52:19:51:48,No.53:21:02:52)of pangolin activity was earlier than the starting time(No.81:21:39:04,No.A1:20:51:43)of 2 Malay pangolin that had been introduced into the captive environment.[Conclusions]Captive time has a significant influence on the duration of the activity of pangolin;with the adaptation of the Malay pangolin to the new environment,the duration of the circadian activity will increase gradually,with a range of 360~390 min;the starting time of its activity will be delayed and the range of stability is from 21:00 to 22:00.It is also found that the duration of the day and night activity and the starting time of the activity of the adult Malay pangolin are more stable than those of the subadult Malay pangolin.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.31470570);; 重庆市自然科学基金(No.cstc2014jcyjA80013);; 重庆市教育委员会科学技术研究项目(No.kj1400534)
【CateGory Index】: S865.4
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