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《Journal of Chongqing Normal University(Natural Science)》 2018-04
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A Preliminary Study on the Adaptation of Manis javanica to Artificial Substitute for Food

GAO Hongmei;PENG Jianjun;YU Jingyu;ZHU Jing;MA Xiaohua;College of Life Science,Chongqing Normal University;Qiezixi Middle School of Chongqing;Verakin High School of Chongqing;Panzhihua,Chinese Herbal Medicine Planting Co.,Ltd.;  
[Purposes]To explore the adaptation of Manis javanicato artificial substitute for food.[Methods]Five new M.javanica,whose serial numbers were No.81,No.82,No.85,No.93,and No.94,were fed the following different single food:milk powder,termites(Termitidae),mealworm(Tenebrio molitor),powdered silkworm(Bombyx mori)pupae,brown ant(Formica fusca),and pavement ant(Tetramorium spp.)at the first stage.At the second stage,individuals of both No.81 and No.94 randomly selected as the experimental group were fed artificial food assay with different feeding components,and another three individuals selected as the control group were fed the target food which was selected by M.javanica at the first stage.[Findings]The results showed that:1)M.javanica only fed on pavement ant when it faced different single food;2)The feeding rate of feeding M.javanica artificial food was lower than that of feeding M.javanica pavement ant.Both two pangolins' weight had a decreasing trend,although this trend was not significant.[Conclusions]Feeding target food Tetramorium spp.could eliminate the stress reaction of M.javanica,and artificial diet could maintain daily life activities of M.javanica.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.31470570);; 重庆市自然科学基金(No.cstc2014jcyjA80013);; 重庆市教育委员会自然科学基金(No.kj1400534);; 重庆市研究生科研创新项目(No.CYS15155)
【CateGory Index】: S865.4
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