Study on the Ecological GDP of Chongqing Based on Energy Theory and the Ecosystem Service Value
ZHENG Dongsheng;ZHANG Shichao;LI Xiaokun;SUN Yue;DENG Yang;DU Jia;College of Geography and Tourism,Chongqing Normal University;
[Purposes]To integrate ecological concept into the socio-economic development and provide references for high-quality economic growth,both the costs and ecological benefits of resource and environment were evaluated by energy theory and table of ecosystem services value.[Methods]Based on that,ecological GDP in Chongqing was accounted by the method that GDP was subtracted the cost of resource and environment depletion,and then ecosystem services value was added.Finally,the differences among ecological GDP,green GDP and GDP were compared during four plan periods from the ninth five-year plan period to the twelfth fiveyear plan period(1997-2015).[Findings]The results showed that:1)The value of resource environment depletion has dramatically increased from $8.4 billion in 1997 to$141.9 billion in 2015.2)Ecosystem services value has increased from $49.0 billion in 1997 to$77.2 billion in 2015,relatively slowly.3)Ecological GDP has increased from $58.9 billion in 1997 to$186.2 billion in2015,furthermore,ecological GDP is the largest,followed by GDP,and green GDP is the smallest during the ninth five-year plan period(1997-2000)and the tenth five-year plan period(2001-2005);while GDP is the largest,followed by ecological GDP,and green GDP is the smallest during the eleventh five-year plan period(2006-2010)and the twelfth five-year plan period(2011-2015).[Conclusions]Economy in Chongqing has continually increased at the expense of natural resource and ecological environment.Ecosystem services value has constantly increased owing to series of policies on ecological civilization,but still lower than that of resource and environment depletion.Therefore,in the process of promoting high-quality development,not only the construction of ecological civilization is should accelerated,but also the utilization of high efficiency and low consumption of resources are should paid attention to.
【Fund】： 重庆师范大学本科提档升级改革专项(No.CSJ201417009);; 重庆市本科高校“三特行动计划”特色专业建设项目(No.YGJ201605027);; 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.41501104);; 重庆市科委基础与前沿研究计划项目(No.cstc2015jcyjA80025;No.cstc2016jcyjA0393)
【CateGory Index】： X171
【CateGory Index】： X171