Chinese Agricultural Policy Orientation:Focusing on the Changes of the US Agricultural Act
Qi Haotian;Peng Chao;
The 2014 US Agricultural Act makes many changes in Crop Commodity Programs, Crop Insurance,Conservation Programs, Research, Extension, Bioenergy, Rural Development, Beginning Farmers and Ranchers.These changes try to increase the efficiency of the subsidy,pay more attention to adjust measures to local conditions,make regulation means more market-oriented that maybe avoid trade disputes, highlight the agricultural insurance that pay more attention to agricultural risk management, strengthen the agricultural support for the medium and long term that improve agricultural competitiveness in all-round way, Pay more attention to policy fairness that fully embody caring the people's livelihood orientation. The adjustment of the new Agricultural Act enlightens us that:policy-making should be on the principle of rule of law, policy tools should be marketization, the risk management should be in different levels of combination, supporting the development should be sustainable. So China should speed up agricultural development planning and legislation, increase agricultural support, reform agricultural policy to reduce market distortions, perfect the agricultural insurance to strengthen the agricultural risk management, adjust agricultural policy goals to promote the sustainable development of agriculture.