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《Chongqing Social Sciences》 2017-12
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On the Transform Mechanisms and Paths from Necessity Entrepreneurship to Opportunity Entrepreneurship

Li Aiguo;Zeng Qing;  
The Report to the Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has emphasized that we must speed up the construction of an innovation oriented country and enhance China's economic innovation and competitiveness constantly in.Our study reveals that the differences on entrepreneurial motivation,entrepreneurial cognitions and entrepreneurial self-efficacy are the profound causes of differentiation between necessity entrepreneurship and opportunity entrepreneurship.And then,we put forward the four transform mechanisms including guidance and support,security and underpinning,leading and hatching and demonstration and agglomeration and three paths consisting of entrepreneurship transformation support program,entrepreneurship quality leading engineering and entrepreneurial education continuing education program to elevate necessity entrepreneurs' entrepreneurial self-efficacy,stimulate necessity entrepreneurs' entrepreneurial motivation and behaviour transforming fom necessity entrepreneurship to opportunity entrepreneurship.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目“大学生生存型创业和机会型创业行为动机、影响因素与转化对策研究”(批准号:09XJY007);; 河海大学省级创新创业项目:“创新生态系统视角下的江苏创新型城市发展路径研究”(批准号:201710294019Y);; 重庆市社科规划项目:“基于机制设计理论的重庆市国有企业自主创新促进机制研究”(批准号:2017YBGL146)
【CateGory Index】: F279.2
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