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《Chongqing Medicine》 2016-03
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Distribution of the nosocomial infection pathogens among neonates in China:systematic review

Huang Yaling;Zeng Ziyun;Xu Xuan;Li Yingli;Qiu Jingfu;School of Public Health and Management,Chongqing Medical University,Research Center for Medicine and Social Development,Innovation Center for Social Risk Governance in Health;Department of General Surgery,Chinese PLA 324 Hospital;  
Objective To provide better clinical management,we use evidence-based analysis through systematic evaluation the distribution of pathogens of neonatal nosocomial infections in China.Methods We searched from CNKI,CBM,VIP,Wanfang and PubMed.The articles were selected according the criteria,and the qualified articles were extracted related data using excel software.The related rate were calculated and merged by using Comprehensive Meta Analysis software and selected appropriate model calculation OR value and 95% confidence interval.Results Sixty-eight articles were included.The most common pathogens of neonatal nosocomial infection were Staphylococcus[32%(95%CI:27%-37%)],Salmonella[32%(95%CI:0%-68%)]in China.Subgroup analysis revealed:the most common pathogen of infection were Staphylococcus in the hospitals at all levels;the most common pathogen of infection was Staphylococcus in the special hospital,while Salmonella in the general hospital;the most common pathogen of infection was Salmonella in the eastern region,and were Staphylococcus in the central and western region.The most common pathogen of infection was Staphylococcus from 1985 to 1999,and was Virus from 2000 to 2012.Conclusion Staphylococcus was the most common pathogen.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(31071093、31170129、31200064)
【CateGory Index】: R446.5
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