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《Chongqing Medicine》 2017-01
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Influence of intercostal nerve block combined with hydromorphone hydrochloride intravenous analgesia on postoperative cognitive function and analgesia in elder patients

Duan Fengmei;Sun Xuying;Li Ling;Department of Anesthesiology,Affiliated Hospital,Chengde Medical College;First Department of Anesthesiology,Daqing Municipal Fifth Hospital;  
Objective To investigate the influence of pure intercostal nerve block combined with hydromorphone hydrochloride intravenous analgesia on the occurrence of postoperative cognitive function and analgesia in elder patients with thoracic surgery.Methods Ninety-six ASA I?Ⅱ elder patients with elective thoracic operation were divided into intercostal nerve block group(A),intercostal nerve block combined with hydromorphone hydrochloride intravenous analgesia group(B)and hydromorphone hydrochloride intravenous analgesia group(C)according to the random number table method,32 cases in each group.The patientcontrolled intravenous analgesia(PCIA)with sufentanyl was postoperatively performed in all cases.When analgesia effect was poor,dezocine 0.1mg/kg was intravenously injected.The mean artery pressure(MAP),heart rate(HR),respiratory rate(RR),visual analogue scale(VAS)score and mini mental state examination(MMSE)score were recorded at postoperative 2,6,24,48 hin 3groups.Results The MMSE score in the group B was higher than that in the group A and C,the VAS score was lower than that in the group A and C,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).Postoperative MAP and HR in the group B were more stable than those in the group A and C,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).RR in the group C was more fast and had smaller range than those in the group A and B,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05).Conclusion Intercostal nerve block combined with hydromorphone hydrochloride intravenous analgesia can achieve better postoperative analgesic effect with stable postoperative blood dynamics and low occurrence rate of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction.
【Fund】: 河北省承德市科学技术研究与发展计划项目(20157042)
【CateGory Index】: R614
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