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《Chongqing Medicine》 2017-04
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Awareness of knowledge related to tuberculosis prevention and treatment among diabetes patients in Urumqi city and its influencing factors

Gao Pengcheng;Peierdun Mijiti;Ma Boyuan;Shao Jiang;School of Public Health,Xinjiang Medical University;  
Objective We aimed to understand the awareness of knowledge related to tuberculosis(TB)prevention and treatment among diabetes mellitus(DM)patients in Urumqi city,their attitudes towards TB patients,treatment behavior and routes of obtaining knowledge,which will provide scientific basis for further health education and promotion.Methods A questionnaire-based investigation was conducted among DM patients who visited out-patient clinics or those who were hospitalized from July to December in 2015.Results 599 DM patients were investigated,the general awareness rate among them was 51.13%,and all awareness rate was 4.17%.In all 7-item core knowledge related to TB prevention and treatment,the awareness of TB symptoms,specialized TB clinics,free examination and free treatment policy were the lowest,which were 32.78%,40.40%,36.68% and 47.65%.Multivariate analysis indicted that ethnic group and educational level were associated factors of awareness rate.64.77% of patients have tendency to discriminate TB patients.81.83% of patients were willing to learn more knowledge about TB treatment and prevention,and the main route they hoped to learn were social media,literature and specialized publicity materials.Conclusion Awareness of knowledge related to TB prevention and treatment is low in DM patients in Urumqi,particularly those of minority ethnic group and lower education.Future health education in those at-risk groups should be enhanced.
【Fund】: 新疆维吾尔自治区大学生创新基金项目(CX201510760066)
【CateGory Index】: R521;R587.1
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