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《Chongqing Medicine》 2017-18
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Clinical evaluation of pedicle-scope assisted pedicle screw fixation and conventional percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for treating lumbar degenerative disease

Pi Bin;Guo Jing;Chen Jingchen;Wen Tao;Deng Xianchao;Guo Lianjin;Gao Juzhou;Yin Zhixun;He Erxing;Department of Orthopedics,Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University;Department of Spine Surgery,First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University/Guangzhou Orthopedic Institute;  
Objective To evaluate the accuracy and safety of pedicle-scope assisted pedicle screw fixation and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for treating lumbar degenerative disease(LDD).Methods Thirty cases of LDD treated by mini-invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(TLIF)under microscope plus percutaneous pedicle screw fixation with fluoroscopy or pedicle-scope of lumbar spine from December 2013 to September 2015 were selected and divide into the percutaneous group and pediclescope group,15 cases in each group.The operative duration,intraoperative blood loss volume,hospital stay and complications were compared between the two groups.The clinical effects were assessed with visual analogue scale(VAS)and Oswestry disability index(ODI).The plain radiography,dynamic radiology and lumbar magnetic resonance imaging(MRI)and computed tomography(CT)were re-examined after operation for assessing the screw location and fusion rate.Results Eighty-four screws were placed in the percutaneous group and 70 screws in the pedicle-scope group.In the percutaneous group and pedicle-scope group,the mean intraoperative blood loss volume,mean operative duration,average times of C-arm fluoroscopy,mean length of hospital stay,mean time of off-bed and complication occurrence rate were measured,and the differences were not statistically significant(P0.05).In 6-month follow up,the VAS score and ODI score in the two groups were significantly improved compared with before operation(P0.01);the VAS score and ODI score were(2.50±1.30)and(50.00±3.50)in pediclescope group,(3.00±1.50)and(58.00±4.50)in percutaneous group,respectivehy,and the differences were statistically significant(P0.05);the improvement rates of clinical symptoms in the percutaneous group and pedicle-scope group were 73.33%and 80.00%respectively.The imaging reexamination showed that the placed screw location was good and lesion segment fusion was good without screw loosening.The location of3 screws in the percutaneous group was deviated and adjusted by the second operation.Conclusion The accuracy and safety of pedicle-scope assisted screw placing for treating LDD are higher than those of conventional percutaneous pedicle screw fixation,moreover the operative time is shorter with less intraoperative bleeding.
【Fund】: 广东省科技计划项目(2014A020212369)
【CateGory Index】: R687.3
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