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《Chongqing Medicine》 2017-21
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Comparison of efficacy of subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy for treating allergic rhinitis

Wang Feng;Zhang Hongting;Meng Juan;Department of Otolaryngology Head-Neck Surgery,West China Hospital,Sichuan University;  
Objective To compare the curative efficacy and safety of subcutaneous immunotherapy(SCIT)versus sublingual immunotherapy(SLIT)for allergic rhinitis.Methods A total of 127 cases of patients with allergic rhinitis in the outpatient department of our hospital from June 2009 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed,including 79 cases treated with SCIT and 48 cases treated with SLIT.The curative effects and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results After 3-year treatment,the total effective rate in the SCIT group was 75.9% ,which was higher than 72.9% in the SLIT group,but the difference was not statistically significant(χ~2=0.15,P0.05).The incidence rate of adverse reactions in the SCIT group was 26.6% ,which was higher than 10.4% in the SLIT group,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(χ~2=4.79,P0.05).Conclusion The two desensitization treatment methods all gain better effect,but SLIT has lower occurrence rate of adverse reactions.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(81300815);; “十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAI07B04)
【CateGory Index】: R765.21
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