The Resume of Knowles' Andragogy Theory
LING Ling;Guangdong Open University;
M. S. Knowles,one of the most influential American adult educators,set up the andragogy theory which was a significant achievement in scientific research in the 20 th century. The main views of Knowles' andragogy theory are as follows: the study of adult learners,self-directed learning and the contract learning. He summed up the six characteristics of adult learners,which include the need to know,the learners' self-concept,learners' experiences,readiness to learn,orientation to learning and learning motivation.Knowles points out that the adult learning is self-directed learning. And he puts forward that the contract learning is an effective way to realize self-directed learning.