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《CT Theory and Applications》 2011-04
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Tomography of Seismic P-Waves from Earthquakes and Explosions —Part Ⅱ:Morphology of Faulting of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake from Spectral Seismograms

Monika WILDE-PIóRKO 1,Seweryn J.DUDA 2,Marek GRAD 1 1.Institute of Geophysics,Faculty of Physics,University of Warsaw,Pasteura 7,02-093 Warsaw,Poland 2.Institute of Geophysics,Hamburg University,Bundesstrasse 55,20146 Hamburg,Germany  
The paper is concerned with the analysis of broadband seismograms of the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake of 26 December 2004.The purpose of the analysis is to recognize the morphology of the faulting process in terms of the time of occurrence and of the frequency content of subevents.The analysis is based on spectral seismograms of P-waves,obtained from the corresponding broadband recordings.It is found that 15 major subevents with maximum radiation intensity at frequencies lower than about 1 Hz occurred during the time window prior to the arrival of the major S-wave.In the same time window however hundreds of subevents took place with maximum radiation intensity at higher frequencies,producing a quasi-continuous "humming" at infrasonic frequencies observable at distances of the order of 8 000 km.In view of the strong absorption of the high frequency waves during the propagation along the ray path,it may be concluded that the "humming" reflects a substantial portion of the seismic energy released during the earthquake.
【Fund】: The IRIS DMS is funded through the National Science Foundation and specifically the GEO Directorate through the Instrumentation and Facilities Program of the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement EAR-0004370
【CateGory Index】: P315
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Stefan Fasthoff and GUO Lucan Institute of Geophysics, Hamburg University Germany Institute of Geophysics, China Seismological Bureau, Beijing;On Spectral Seismograms-3D Display of Seismogram[J];Computerized Tomography Theory and Applications;2001-03
2 Seweryn J.DUDA Institut fuer Geophysik,Universitaet Hamburg,20146 Hamburg,Germany;;Tomography of Seismic P-Waves from Earthquakes and Explosions(Part I Basic Concept and Theory)[J];Computerized Tomography Theory and Applications;2007-01
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