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《Chinese Journal of CT and MRI》 2003-01
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Accuracy of ADC map derived from the SSEPI-DWI for estimating the intramedullary extent of malignant bone neoplasms

MENG Quan-fei,Ma Ling,CHEN Ying-ming,JIANG Bo.Department ofDiagnostic Radiology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510080,China  
Objective To study the accuracy of SSEPI-DWI derived ADCmap in estimating the intramedullary extent of malignant bone neoplasms.Methods 18 cases of primary malignant bone tumors of the knee wereprospectively enrolled in our study. Each patient had a preoperative MRIincluding a SSEPI-DWI sequence and conventional T1WI and STIR sequencealong the longitudinal plane to serve as a control. The distance between thetumor extent to the knee joint on the ADC map was compared with thatmeasured on T1WI and STIR. Results Signals of edema,necrotic tissue,viabletumor,normal muscles and normal marrow were characterized as iso-,hypo- orsignificantly hypointense on ADC map respectively.The intramedullary extentof malignant bone tumor demonstrated on the ADC map was highly correlatedwith that demonstrated on T1WI(correlation coefficient 0.994,P0.01),andwith that demonstrated on STIR(correlation coefficient 0.991, P0.01).When controversial intensities were met in determining intramedullary extentof malignant bone tumaor,with conventional procedures,the difference amongthe results,deter mined with ADC map,T1WI and STIP became more obvious.Conclusion ADC maps derived from the SSEPI-DWI provide a differentcontrast between viable tumor, peritumoral edema and tumor necrosis,ADC mapare accurate in determining intramedullary extent of malignant bone neoplasm.ADCmap may provide useful information when there are some difficulties indetermining the intra-osseous invasion of the tumor by conventional sequences.[
【CateGory Index】: R738.1
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