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《Pratacultural Science》 2002-09
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Animal production maneuver and ecological rehabilitation in grassland areas -case study for Xilinguole steppe

LI Qingfeng (College of Ecology and Environment Sciences, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, Huhhot 010019, China)  
This paper describes the natural environment, social and economic situations, and present status of the ecosystem in Xilinguole steppe. Causes of grassland degradation and environmental deterioration in this region were probed in the aspects of material flow, climate change, and effects of human activities on the grassland ecosystem. The results showed that grazing is a major using form of grassland, and domestic animal is the main controller of the vegetation in this region. Imbalanced material flow (Nitrogen as an example) and seasonal shortage of feed supply for animals are the two main factors causing deterioration of grassland ecosystem. Other factors, such as climate change, land reclamation and digging herbs on grassland, may accelerate grassland degradation process. The authors pointed out that measures, such as increasing material input, changing the whole year round grazing manner, increasing feed supply from cropping, are effective ways for maintaining and protecting the healthy ecoenvironment in this region.
【Fund】: 中国科学院知识创新工程项目“浑善达克沙地与京北农牧交错区生态环境综合治理试验示范研究”(KSCX1- 0 8- 0 1)内蒙古科技厅“草地利用方式——春季禁牧对草地的影响”课题资助。
【CateGory Index】: S8-01
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