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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2011-04
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Structure foundation and ecological adaptability of Alternathera philoxeroides in heterogeneous habitats

WANG Gui-qin1,GAO Rui-ru2,WANG Yu-liang1,CHAI Rui-juan3(1.Bioscience College,Anhui Science and Technology University,Fengyang 233100,China;2.BioscienceCollege,Shanxi Normal University,Linfen 041004,China;3.Department of Biochemistry Engineering,Anhui University of Technology and Science,Wuhu 241000,China)  
The morphogenesis and anatomical changes of Alternathera philoxeroides in different habitats(xeric and aquatic environments),were chosen as characteristics to appraise this weed under heterogeneous habitats.There were significant differences between the vegetative organs from two ecotype due to adaptation to heterogeneous ecotypes.The distribution and quantity of stomata between the two leaves showed a notable distinction;leaves of the xeric form had long epidermal hairs on both upper and lower epidermis,while the aquatic form had none on either.There were also significant differences as to type,quantity and proportion of conducting tissue in stems from different habitats and different ecobiomorphisms.The perennial roots from the xeric's stolon and rhizome had many adventitious buds which contained a high content of stored substances,and had the material and structural basis to be independent diasporas.In contrast,the aquatic only had numerous fibrous roots to meet absorption needs.The pollens of A.philoxeroides had a high abortion percentage(approximately 80%),which may be one reason for its low seed setting rate,but how it achieves invasion over long distances with such a low sexual reproduction rate deserves to be discussed,because of its significance in weed control.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(39730100);; 国家基金资助项目(30070640);; 安徽省教育厅自然科学基金资助项目(200KJ165B KJ2008B07ZC);; 安徽科技学院专项基金资助项目(ZRC200436)资助
【CateGory Index】: S451
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