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《Acta Prataculturae Sinica》 2017-01
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Effectiveness of different insecticides for control of aphids and thrips on alfalfa

LUO Lan;YUAN Zhong-Lin;SUN Juan;College of Agronomy and Plant Protection,Qingdao Agricultural University,Key Lab of Integrated Crop Pest Management of Shandong Province;College of Animal Science and Technology,Qingdao Agricultural University;  
Imidacloprid 10% wetable powder,cypermethrin 10%emulsifiable concentrate and chlorpyrifos 48%emulsifiable concentrate were compared for their ability to control aphids and thrips on alfalfa;their application safety and environment effects including residual effects were also assessed.Gas chromatography was used to assess chemical residue levels.At 1-7days after treatment,the efficacy of imidacloprid,cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos against alfalfa aphids at application rates of 35.7g a.i./ha(available ingredient/hectare),75.0g a.i./ha and 480.0g a.i./ha were 80.83%-94.78%,79.29%-87.80%and 90.93%-98.90%,respectively;against thrips efficacy were 78.33%-95.57%,78.56%-91.67% and 92.78%-100.00%,respectively.The half-life of imidacloprid,cypermethrin and chlorpyrifos were 4.78,3.69 and 2.48 days,respectively.Seven days after application residues of imidacloprid and chlorpyrifos in alfalfa were less than 0.5mg/kg while cyper-methrin residues did not drop below 0.5mg/kg until 14 days after application.Based on the pesticide residue standards of the China and Codex Alimentarius Commission(CAC),the maximum residue limit(MRL)of imidacloprid,chlorpyrifos and cypermethrin were recommended at 0.5,1.0and 0.5mg/kg,and the recommended safe application interval 7,14 and 7days respectively,in alfalfa.
【Fund】: 现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(CARS-35-33);; 山东省“泰山学者”建设工程专项资助
【CateGory Index】: S435.4;S481.8
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