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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Pre-anthesis Nitrogen Deficiency on Nitrogen Metabolism Enzyme Activities of Rice Leaves

WU Hui;XIANG Jing;CHEN Huizhe;ZHANG Yuping;ZHANG Yikai;WANG Yaliang;JI Guangmei;SHI Hongzhi;ZHU Defeng;State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology/China National Rice Research Institute;  
Effects of pre-anthesis nitrogen deficiency at different growth stages on nitrogen metabolism enzyme activities in main func-tional leaves were studied, using indica-japanica hybirid rice variety Yongyou 12, and indica hybrid rice variety Zhongzheyou 1 as materials. The results showed that, affected by nitrogen deficiency at meiosis stage and rupturing stage, nitrogen concentration, NR,GS, GOGAT, GOT and GPT enzyme activities of top-three leaves were dramatically decreased, but GDH activity was increased significantly. In general, the sensitivity of enzyme activities of leaves at different leaf positions to nitrogen deficiency were enhanced from bottom to top. Furthermore, the effects of nitrogen deficiency at rupturing stage on nitrogen assimilation enzyme activities of indica hybrid rice Zhongzheyou1 was much less than that of meiosis stage. However, indica-japanica hybirid rice Yongyou 12 was still sensitive to nitrogen deficiency during rupturing stage. This indicated that the nitrogen deficiency sensitivity of nitrogen metabolism enzymes in Zhongzheyou 1 plants decreased gradually from meiosis stage to rupturing stage, and the demand for soil available nitrogen was decreased synchronously, while Yongyou 12 had higher demand for soil nitrogen supply.
【Fund】: 粮丰工程项目(2016YFD0300502);; 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(31501272);; 2015年浙江省“三农六方”项目
【CateGory Index】: S511
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