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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Earthworm Casts Application on Growth and Yield of Rice under Different Nitrogen Rate

ZHAO Chunrong;SHAN Shuanglü;WANG Yumei;LUO Kai;ZHOU Xuefeng;HUANG Min;ZHANG Hengdong;FAN Long;CAO Fangbo;CHEN Jiana;FANG Shengliang;ZOU Yingbin;Hunan Agricultural University/Southern Regional Collaborative Innovation Center for Grain and Oil Crops;  
In order to explore the effects of earthworm casts on growth and yield of rice under different nitrogen application rate, a micro-plot field experiment was conducted under three levels of nitrogen fertilizer(N1, 9 g/m~2; N2,12 g/m~2; N3,15 g/m~2)and three levels of earthworm casts(EC0, 0; EC_1, 16.88 kg/m~2; EC_2, 33.76 kg/m~2). The results showed that the grain yield, effective panicle numbers and shoot dry weight under different nitrogen levels all ranked as EC_2 EC_1 EC0. The grain yield of EC_2 and EC_1were higher than EC0 by 35.4% and 34.3%, respectively. Compared with EC0, EC_2 and EC_1had more effective panicle numbers by 41.5% and 21.3%,respectively. Above ground biomass of EC_2 and EC_1were higher than EC0 by 47.7% and 25.8%, respectively. The leaf area of EC0 was lower than EC_1 and EC_2by 7.1% and 21.4%, and shoot dry weight was lower than EC_1 and EC_2by 30.6% and 59.8%, respectively at heading stage. The tiller numbers of EC_2 and EC_1were significantly higher than EC0 after transplanting for 40 days(P0.05). As well as SPAD values in EC0 was significantly lower than those in EC_2 and EC_1at panicle initiation stage and milk-rape stage(P0.05).However, there were no significant effect on nitrogen absorption from chemical fertilizer in rice growth period(P0.05). The study indicated that applying appropriate amount of earthworm casts could increase the panicle rate, leaf area, SPAD value and shoot dry weight of rice which finally enhance the grain yield.
【CateGory Index】: S511
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