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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Fertilizer Application Rate on Yield and Population Quality of Super Hybrid Rice at Different Yield Levels

CHENG Huihuang;SHANG Qingyin;YI Zhenbo;ZHENG Houliang;ZENG Yongjun;Collaborative Innovation Center for the Modernization Production of Double Cropping Rice, Jiangxi Agricultural University/Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology,Ecology and Genetic Breeding/Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Ministry of Education;Chengxin Farm in Jiangxi Province;  
The effects of different fertilization rate(nitrogen fertilizer rate was 0, 210, 300 and 390 kg/hm~2, N∶P_2O_5∶K_2O =2∶1∶2, in F0,F1, F2 and F3, respectively) on yield and population quality was studied, using super hybrid rice LYPJ, YLY1, YLY2, YLY900 and CY1000 as materials. The results showed that the yield of YLY2 was highest in F0 and F1 level compared with LYPJ and YLY1,which showed higher effective panicles, earing percentage, leaf area index, dry matter accumulation and harvest index; the yield of YLY900 and CY1000 were higher when the fertilizer level was F2 and F3, which showed higher spikelet number per panicle, grainleaf ratio and harvest index. With the increase of fertilizer amount, the spikelet per panicle, grain-leaf ratio and harvest index were in-creased first and then decreased, effective panicles and leaf area were increased(except LYPJ). As a result, YLY2 could obtain high yield in the lower fertilization level, mainly depended on the higher effective panicles. The yield of YLY900 and CY1000 had higher potential in the higher fertilization level, which mainly depended on higher spikelet number per panicle, their lower effective panicles was the main limiting factor for higher yield.
【Fund】: 超级杂交稻不同生态区多点联合试验协作项目;; 江西省科技计划项目(20161BAB214174);; 江西省重点研发专项(20161ACF60013)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
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