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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Consecutive Moldboard Plowing with Straw Chopping and Returning to Field on Soil Physical Properties and Yield of Rice

SUN Guofeng;CHEN Liugen;LIU Hongjiang;ZHANG Yuefang;SHENG Jing;ZHENG Jianchu;Circular Agriculture Research Center, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Modern Crop Production;  
Field experiments for five consecutive years were conducted to investigate the effects of moldboard plowing with straw chop-ping and returning to field on soil physical properties, grain yield and its component factors in the rice-wheat rotation system. The re-sults showed that moldboard plowing with straw returning(MPS)could reduce the soil bulk density, compactness and the proportion of solid phase, and which could increase soil capillary porosity and the proportion of liquid phase in the arable soil layer compared with moldboard plowing without straw(MP)at rice harvest. Moreover,the average rice yield of five years test of MPS treatment was increased by 428 kg/hm~2 compared with MP treatment. The increase of yield was due to the increase of effective spike number per plant and grain number per spike. In all, under this experimental condition, the moldboard plowing with straw returning improved soil physi-cal structure of arable layer, and increased rice yield.
【Fund】: 农业部公益性行业(农业)科研专项(201503118-07)
【CateGory Index】: S141.4;S511;S512.1
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