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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Study on High Yield Formation and Population Quality Index of Rice in Dry Indica Eco-site of Yunnan Province

XIA Qiongmei;HUANG Qingyu;BAI Xiulan;LI Guiyong;LONG Ruiping;ZHU Haiping;DENG Anfeng;LIU Jixin;YANG Con-gdang;Food Crops Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Agricultural Comprehensive Service Station of Taoyuan Township;Xishuangbanna Institute of Agricultural Sciences;  
In order to study the high yield formation and population quality index of rice in dry indica eco-site of Yunnan Province,field plot experiment was carried out in 2016 with six different rice varieties as materials. The results showed that the yield of Guangyou 1186, Deyou 4727, Liangyou 2186, Yiyou 673, Liangyou 2161 and Yixiang 3003 was 15.65, 15.29,15.19, 15.18, 14.89,13.95 t/hm~2, respectively. Three types of yield levels(high yield: 13.0 ~14.0 t/hm~2, higher yield: 14.0 ~15.0 t/hm~2, super high yield:15.0~16.0 t/hm~2)were divided in this study. Compared with higher yield varieties, super high yield varieties had 10.25% higher ratio of productive panicle number. Compared with high yield varieties, super high yield varieties had 32.13%, 35.69%, 12.50% higher ra-tio of spikelets per panicle, filled grains per panicle and seed setting rate, respectively. Compared with higher yield and high yield va-rieties, super high yield varieties had 10.32%, 30.02% lower ratio of the tiller number in peak seeding stage; percentage of ear-bear-ing tiller was increased with grain yield increasing. LAI in full heading stage of super high yield varieties was about 7.0, efficient LAI was about 70%. Total spikelet number was increased with increasing grain yield. Comparing with high yield varieties, super high yield varieties had 20.00%, 25.54% higher ratio of filled grain number leaf ratio and grain weight leaf ratio. Compared with high yield vari-eties, super high yield varieties had 11.70%, 11.96%, 12.35% higher ratio of the dry matter accumulated in heading stage, mature stage and after heading stage, respectively.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”计划)(2013CB835205);; 农业部公益行业(农业)科研专项(201303102;201303129);; 云南省科技惠民专项(2016RA001);; 国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300506)
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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