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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Combined Application of Slow-release Nitrogen Fertilizer and Urea on Yield and Growth Characters of Machine Transplanting Indica Rice in Plateau Areas

LONG Ruiping;ZHU Lifeng;ZHAO Lijuan;LI Guiyong;XIA Qiongmei;ZHU Haiping;PA Sanshi;YIN Jiao;YANG Congdang;Food Crops Research Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences;Mangshi Agricultural Technology Extension Center;  
In order to conform the optimal proportion of the slow-release nitrogen fertilizer and urea combined application of machine transplanting indica rice in plateau areas, using Chuanguyou 7329 as the material, the effects of the different proportion(10∶0, 7∶3, 5∶5 and 3∶7)on yield and growth characters of machine transplanting indica rice were studied under nitrogen application rate of 150 kg/hm~2 and 105 kg/hm~2. The results showed that the yield of rice under different nitrogen application rate were not significant. According to the proportion of the slow-release nitrogen fertilizer and urea combined application, the yield of machine transplanting indica rice was 5∶510∶07∶33∶7. The increase of nitrogen application rate could increased the high effective leaf length in heading stage and improved the rice tiller number and leaf area index of heading stage, but decreased the agronomic use efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer and grain-leaf ratio at heading stage under the same proportion. In the different proportion of facilities, the higher the proportion of urea was, the lower the spike rate was. When the proportion is 5∶5, the apparent export percentage and agronomic use efficiency of nitrogen fertilizer of rice was higher. The apporopriate application rate of nitrogen fertilizer was 105 kg/hm~2, and the best proportion of slow-release nitrogen fertilizer and common urea was 5∶5.
【Fund】: 农业部公益行业(农业)科研专项(201303102;201303129);; 云南省科技惠民专项(2016RA001);; 国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”计划)(2013CB835205);; 国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0300506)
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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