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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of the Spike-grain Nitrogen Ratio on Yield and Quality of Different Types of Rice in Cold Region

CHEN Shuqiang;YANG Limin;ZHAO Haixin;DU Xiaodong;ZHOU Tong;XUE Jingfang;SHAN Lili;WANG Cui;ZHANG Xianguo;Jiamusi Rice Research Institute, Heilongjiang Academy of Agriculture Sciences/Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Rice Cold Damage in Cold Region, Ministry of Agriculture;  
In order to clarify the effects of nitrogen fertilizer amount on rice yield and quality trait in cold region, the two main cultivated rice cultivars were used in this study, and the nitrogen was applied as the base-tiller, spike-grain nitrogen application ratio of10∶0, 8∶2, 7∶3, 5∶5 at three N levels as 115, 138, 161 kg/hm~2. The results showed that yield of the two varieties ascended with applying nitrogen amount increased, but difference of yield was not significant between different nitrogen applications. It was the highest yield for more tillers and lighter panicle variety Kongyu 131 that the base-tiller and spike-grain nitrogen application ratio were 8 ∶2. The main reason was that the panicles number increased in the population. It was the highest yield for less tillers and heavier panicle va-riety Longjing 21 that the base-tiller and spike-grain nitrogen application ratio were 7 ∶3. The main reason was that grain number per panicle and the higher number of total spikelets increased in the population. During the whole growth period, increasement of total nitrogen made the head rice percentage, protein content increased obviously, whiteness decreased, and starch gelatinization worse for two rice varieties. There was no obvious difference for the rice quality indexes such as roughness, whiteness, amylose content between the middle level and low nitrogen level. At late growth stage, the increasement of base-tiller, spike-grain nitrogen application ratio had no influence on amylose content, and it made the head rice percentage increased, protein content increase obviously, whiteness decreased, and starch gelatinization worse for two rice varieties. Therefore, it could make high yield and good quality at a higher level in cold region that appropriate amount of nitrogen fertilizer was less than 138 kg/hm~2 and base-tiller, spike-grain nitrogen application ratio was less than thirty percent in the cultivation and management of rice in cold region.
【Fund】: “十三五”国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0400108-3);; 黑龙江省博士后科研启动金资助(LBH-Q15134);; 黑龙江省农业科学院杰出青年基金项目(2014)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
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