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《China Rice》 2017-04
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Effects of Water-saving and High-yield Cultivation on Yield, Pests and Diseases Incidence,Lodging Resistance of Direct-seeding Rice

LI Ruimin;FU Youqiang;PAN Junfeng;LIANG Kaiming;LEI Zhixiong;CHEN Yan;HUANG Nongrong;ZHONG Xuhua;Agricultural Technology Extension Center of Leizhou City;Rice Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences;  
In this study, Texianzhan 25 was grown in farmers' fields under farmer practices(FP),"three control"(TC) and"watersaving and high-yield cultivation"(WSHY), respectively. The rice yield, nitrogen use efficiency, pests and diseases incidence, lodging resistance and economic benefit were investigated. Compared with FP, the disease index of sheath blight, leaf roll rate of cnaphalocrocis medinalis and rice planthopper under TC and WSHY treatments were decreased by 56.5%~69.2% and 70.9%~80.0%,28.1%~66.5% and 70.1%~71.9%, 35.1%~77.9% and 71.9%~80.8%, respectively. The basic internode length of the 1st, 2nd and 3th internode under TC treatment were reduced by 9.1% ~20.1%, 4.7% ~12.9% and 1.5% ~7.8%, which were also reduced by 23.9% ~27.4%, 19.7% ~26.8% and 10.2% ~21.4% under WSHY treatment, respectively. Lodging resistance was greatly increased under TC and WSHY treatments. The grain yield, nitrogen partial factor productivity and income of TC treatment were increased by 1.7%~5.5%,11.7%~16.5% and 1 972~2 114 yuan/hm~2, and which were increased by 9.9%~19.7%, 34.3%~46.3% and 2 010~4 305 yuan/hm~2 of WSHY treatment. In a word, WSHY treatment has obvious advantages and show a good application prospect.
【Fund】: 广东省科技计划项目(2013B050800014);; 863计划项目(2014AA10A605);; 广东省农业面源污染治理项目(0724-1610A08N1125);; 广东省现代农业产业技术体系项目(2016LM1066);; 广东省促进科技服务业发展计划项目(2013B040200042);; 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0300108)
【CateGory Index】: S435.11;S511
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1 LI Ruimin;FU Youqiang;PAN Junfeng;LIANG Kaiming;LEI Zhixiong;CHEN Yan;HUANG Nongrong;ZHONG Xuhua;Agricultural Technology Extension Center of Leizhou City;Rice Research Institute, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences;;Effects of Water-saving and High-yield Cultivation on Yield, Pests and Diseases Incidence,Lodging Resistance of Direct-seeding Rice[J];中国稻米;2017-04
2 JIA Chunping;ZHANG Yanhong;YUAN Jie;ZHAO Zhiqiang;WANG Fengbin;Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology,Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences;;IRAP Analysis Genetic Diversity of 37 Oryza sativa L.ssp.japonica Varieties (Strains) in Xinjiang[J];西北植物学报;2017-06
3 Zhao Xinyong;Jing Liquan;Wu Yanzhen;Wang Yunxia;Yang Lianxin;Wang Yulong;Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology/Co-innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops,Yangzhou University;College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Yangzhou University;;Impacts of Artificial Lodging at Grain Filling Stage on Rice Growth and Yield[J];中国农学通报;2017-14
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