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《JOURNAL OF NORTHEAST AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY》 1996-01
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STUDIES OF SINGLE CELL CULTURE in vitro IN WHEAT Somaclonal variation and genetic stability of major agronomic characteristics from regenerated plants

Hu Shanglian; Zeng Hanbing; Li Wenxiong(Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, PRC)  
Studies were carried out from 1990 to 1995. Six generations of 25 single cell somaclonal lines derived from single cell culture in vitro of bread wheat (Triticum aestivumL. 7742) were Studied for major agronomic characteristics, including plant height and maturity and others,and inheritable stability. The results showed that the changes in height and maturity of somaclones from the single cell culture were significant. The variation of plant height tented to be shortened and maturity earlier. The somaclones with -5~-18.4 cm shorter in height and 5~ 8 days earlier in maturity compared with 7742, the CK, were obtained and both characteristics could be stable and hereditary between generations. In addition, the changes of glume and stem color and type of spike of progenies from somaclones were also observed and many of them were heritable. The results mentioned above indicated that somaclonal variation in wheat could be an effective way for the improvement of short plant and early maturity in wheat.
【CateGory Index】: S512.103
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