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《Today Nurse》 2013-01
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Preoperative pain condition and pain control attitude survey on orthopedic patients

PENG Li,HUANG Tian-wen,CHEN Xiao-ling,LIU Qiao-li,LIU Hui-fen,GUI Zi-zhen,HE Cui-huan,TAN Yun-juan,HE Dong-hua Bone-microscopic medicine department of The first affiliated hospital of Sun yat-sen university,Guangzhou,510080,Guangdong  
Objective To investigate pain condition and the attitude on the pain control of orthopedic patients preoperative,in order to find out the pain nursing method for orthopedic patients.Methods 70 patients by convenience sampling were investigated with a questionnaire about pain condition and attitude on the pain control of orthopedic patients preoperation in 24 hours attending hospital.The questionnaire is made and revised by 5 orthopedic nurses and head nurses.Patients' pain score adopt the "simple pain assessment scale" 0~10 level measurement system score,the higher pain score means the stronger pain.Datas were analyzed by SPSS11.0 software package with descriptive analysis.Results 100% patients had pain experience,72.06% patients have pains at present with the pain degree being(3.81±1.61);the most serious situations that the pain influences daily life are as follows:incapable of taking care oneself(47.06%) and incapable of moving(20.59%);and the common situations of influencing emotions are as follows:anguish(35.29%) and depending on others(29.41%).58.82% patients focus on pains,82.69% patients have positive attitude on controlling the pain,17.31% patients have fault conception,and 70.59% patient have no pain education experience.Patients preoperative image that the pain degree is(5.41±1.23)postoperation.Conclusion Orthopedic patients preoperative generally have pains in middle level;the pain influence daily activities and the emotions seriously,and need to be nursed according to Maslow hierachy of needs.Case management,pain education and pain nursing preoperative are suggested to be conducted.Changing false conception and correctly facing on pain is needed,and improve the satisfaction of pain control.
【CateGory Index】: R473.6
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