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End of the Metaphysical Age?——Marxist Philosophy Facing the Controversial Topics of Metaphysics

Andras Gedo (Hungary)  
This article consists of three parts.In the first part,it would be argued that the dispute of metaphysics has become a significant feature in the field of current philosophy,and all kinds of schools and standpoints have been involved.There are two poles in this dispute:one is that the transcendence of metaphysics is the sign of the contemporary era,and the other is that the right of metaphysics is retained in more extensive philosophical sphere.And the end of metaphysics is now discussed in reference to Nietzsche and Heidegger,and post- metaphysics is seen as a characteristic of postmodernism. In the second part,the logical positivism and realism would be discussed.Logical positivism prohibits metaphysics strictly.This school prevailed in American philosophical sphere in 1950s but lost its predominance in 1960s and 1970s.And now the question of realism has become the keystone of the dispute of metaphysics.In the various transformations of realism, there appeared the thought of metaphysical realism and the one of materialism. In the third part,the significance of reconstruction of metaphysics from the standpoint of materialist dialectics would be discussed.Here,what would be examined is(1)the qualitative change of the dispute of metaphysics,(2)the historical development,theoretical base,resource and recognition of materialism,(3)the relationship between materialist dialectics and metaphysics since the 17th and 18th century.
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