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《Local Culture Research》 2016-04
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The Artistic Characteristics and Cultural Significance of Several Grotto Portraits in Longnan on Gansu Sichuan Ancient Pass

Yu Yonghong;Longnan Teachers College Folk Art Research Center;  
Gansu Sichuan ancient pass, which refers to the road from Gansu to Sichuan. The forming of it is closely related to the trend of rivers and valleys on the right side of Gansu. The pass is not only a hub of ethnic migration and economic exchanges, but also the historical and cultural corridor of spreading ancient culture of all ethnic groups. Located on this cultural road in Longnan, there are several grottoes art in Law Mirror Temple, Eight Peak Cliff, Thick Cloud Temple, Buddha Tower and so on which is arranged on a straight line from west to east bordering north to the grottoes of Wei river in Gansu and south to the grottoes of south of Shanxi and the north of Sichuan, where formed a passageway Buddism culture and art between Gansu and Sichuan. The stone material of these grottoes are different and they are built in different dynasties, but the artistic style and culture resembles with the grotto art of Gansu with Longnan geographical features.The ancient important grotto relics along the ancient road is very scarce, however several grottoes in Longnan has filled the blanks of Buddha grotto art on Qinshu ancient pass.
【Key Words】: Gansu Sichuan ancient pass Longnan Grottoes Artistic characteristics Cultural significance
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“陇东南区域民间美术的文化历史特征研究”(15YJA760049)的阶段性研究成果
【CateGory Index】: J315
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