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《Local Legislation Journal》 2018-03
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The Constitution of the Crime of Secession and the Legislative Route——to Discuss the Topic of Article 23 of Hong Kong Basic Law

Li Jianxing;Li Ziwen;  
Article 23 of Hong Kong BasicLaw stipulates that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall,on its own initiative,prohibit the secession of the country.The current statute is not reflected in Hong Kong’s current statute law.Article 23of Hong Kong Basic Law enacts legislation that separates the current treason offences in Hong Kong from treason,subversion,and secession.The crime of secession is fundamentally different from the crime of treason.The crimes of secession and treason have different ways of invading national security;the crime of treason is premised on the occurrence of a war,and the secession of a country does not require this;the perpetrators of separatist acts do not need to ask for Chinese citizen.Moreover,the crime based on splitting the country is mostly in violation of the country’s internal order,and it is also fundamentally different from the crime of treason.According to the common law of the comparative law,the crime of secession mainly regulates two types of behaviors.First,it prohibits the separation of part of the national territory from national sovereignty,thereby preventing the splitting of the country through independence.Second,it prohibits the subordination of part of the national territory to foreign sovereignty.This will prevent the splitting of the country through subordinate countries.As for the main means of splitting the country,war can be covered with severe force.Serious crimes should be set up to cover possible loopholes.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金重大招标项目“‘占中’后香港特区国家安全立法问题研究”(项目号:15ZD036)的阶段性成果
【CateGory Index】: D921.9
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