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《Local Legislation Journal》 2018-03
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Political Parties' Influence on the Legislation Initiative

Jiang Hui;  
The introduction of a bill is the most important stage in the legislation process.It determines what the legislature may debate.Political parties play an important role in the legislation initiative.After a study,I find that,in US.,political parties rely on influencing the President’s legislation initiative to influence the legislation agenda.In UK,the majority party controls the introduction of bills.Although legislation initiative is largely influenced by the government departments,the Majority party is the ultimate decision-maker.The political systems are different in these two countries.However,as to legislation initiative,political parties do initiate its policy into legislation sometime,and most of time,it plays the role as passive receiver and after it accepts it,it may promote it.After we notice that legislation initiative is not about a legal issue that members of congress/parliament initiate bills under constitution or relevant laws,but about a political issue that political parties will have great influence,we may be able to understand the role of China Communism Party in legislation initiative and its historical change more correctly.
【CateGory Index】: D921
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