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《e-Education Research》 2017-06
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Historical Mission and Roles of ICT in Educational Reform in the Past 20 Years

GU Xiaoqing;WANG Chunli;WANG Fei;Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Digital Education Equipment, East China Normal University;Department of Education Information Technology, East China Normal University;  
Technology and education are two engines pushing social development and progress of history. Since the 20 th century, the speed of informatization-based innovation is much faster than that of previous revolutions, and technology is prominent in accelerating human civilization. Integration between technology and various areas is widespread. As a result, the information age has become a reality.However, whether has the potentials of the profound systematic reform brought by technology been fully released in education in the past two decades? How much has technology affected education? This paper attempts to review the historical mission and roles of technology to provide references for policy making of educational informatization and future educational improvement. This paper adopts historical analysis and case study to analyze the data of typical cases of educational informatization and school interviews. The data is analyzed and reported from four aspects: the existing patterns of technology in school, the power of technology for school functions, the changes of educational stakeholders' expectations for technology, and the constant balance-seeking between technology and education. This paper reconstructs and reveals the internalization of technology in education based on understandings of different practitioners. It is concluded that in order to play the remodeling role of technology in education, it is necessary to construct and reconstruct teaching process systemically to provide opportunity for knowledge creation.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学基金教育学重点课题“我国与发达国家的教育信息化比较和推进战略研究”(课题编号:ACA160012)
【CateGory Index】: G434
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