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《e-Education Research》 2017-08
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Study on Visual Spatial Bias and Its Learning Effect of Digital Resources Mixed Graphic and Text

GUAN Jian;GUO Yumo;WANG Fengling;School of Education,Ningxia University;  
In the information environment, learners' learning habits and learning styles are changing,and digital learning resources play an important role. Do learners have spatial bias for the illustrations when they use resources mixed graphic and text to study? How does spatial bias affect learners' learning effect? In this paper, two experiments are used to explore the visual spatial bias of illustrations in digital resources mixed graphic and text, with a view to providing useful reference for effective design and development of digital learning resources. Experiment 1 uses the eye movement paradigm to explore the visual spatial bias and its effect on the learning effect, while experiment 2 further investigates the location effect of the illustrations and the relationship between illustration attributes, text properties and the location of the illustrations, and their impacts on learning effect as well. The results reveal that the visual spatial bias exists in digital resources mixed graphic and text, and the bias is mainly shown towards the top left. Moreover, color illustrations attract readers' attention more easily and the bias is more obvious. The dynamic of the illustration, the direction of the layout of the text and the style have remarkable influence on learning effect. The results of this study have important reference for the design and development of electronic schoolbag and learning resources of online courses.
【Key Words】: Mixed Graphic and Text Visual Spatial Bias Eye Movement Digital Resources
【Fund】: 宁夏大学教师教育一流学科建设经费资助自治区研究生教育创新项目(项目编号:NXYC201503)
【CateGory Index】: G434
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