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Hevajra Mahakala:A pair of Tantric gilt bronze Buddhist images from Wuwei Museum Gansu

Roderick Whitfield,trans: CHANG Honghong(The Fine Art College of Capital Normal University,Beijing 100048)  
Having analyzed the iconographic features and social context of the gilt-bronze images of Havaira and Mahākāla collected in Wuwei Museum,this article,making a comparison with the style and composition of murals of Cave 465 Mogao Grottoes,got a conclusion that the pair of statues seems to be produced in mid-thirteenth century's Tibet instead of it being made in the Ming Dynasty.The author thinks that the pair of statues have a very important meaning in the history of relationship between Han-Chinese and Tibetan,which appears to have a closer relation with Tibetan monk Sa-skya Pandita and 'phags-pa.On which the author found a conjecture that Sa-skya Pandita had used them as Yi-dam deities at the Hevajra rituals.
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