A Textual Study on the Author of the Dunhuang Document,“On Imperial Capital” from the Collection of Zhuyin
WANG Su;Palace Museum;Institute of Ancient Books and Traditional Culture,Beijing Normal University;
The Collection of Zhuyin, the full name of which is the Collection of Zhuyin Scholars, is a collection of selected poems of the scholars and poems who participated in the edition and compilation of Sanjiao Zhuyin(Poems of Confucian, Taoist and Buddhist Scholars) during the reigning time of Empress Wu Zetian in the Tang dynasty. The book was lost since the Song dynasty. It was not until the discovery of the Library Cave in which two fragmental manuscripts, S. 2717 and P. 3771, were found that researchers were able to have a glimpse of the original version of the book. The author of the first poem, "On Imperial Capital" in the version of S.2717 remains unknown, and no research has been done to this issue. This paper first studies the nature of the poem"On Imperial Capital" and locates the author, and then specifies its author. It considers that "On Imperial Capital" is a poem rhyming with "On Imperial Capital" written by Li Baiyao, and its author should be Li Xizhong,the great-grandson of Li Baiyao. It was not long after the Zhou regime was established by Empress Wu Zetian that, as a literati, Li Xizhong should have participated in the grand event of compiling the Poems of Confucian,Taoist and Buddhist Scholars. He wrote the "On Imperial Capital" rhyming with the one written by Li Baiyao with the aim to eulogize the prosperity of the Imperial Capital of the new regime and to boast his family tradition of learning.