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The Geographical Position of Anwu County and the Origin of the Names of the Nanshikusi and Beishikusi Grottoes

ZHANG Duoyong;LI Bingcheng;CUI Huiping;Longdong University;Northwest Normal University;Conservation Institute of the Cultural Relics of the Beishikusi Grottoes;  
The Nanshikusi Grottoes(Southern Cave Temple Grottoes) and Beishikusi Grottoes(Northern Cave Temple Grottoes) are large-scale cave groups in the Longdong region of eastern Gansu province.Scholars agree that the two grottoes sites were constructed during the time Xi Kangsheng was the acting governor of Jin Prefecture, but less attention has been given to the geographical coordinates according to which the two grottoes were named. This paper considers that the county seat of Huazhou where Xi Kangsheng held office was today's Ning County in Gansu province, and that Xi Kangsheng ordered the building of the Northern Cave Temple Grottoes during his tenure as governor of Huazhou. He was made the Kaiguo Baron of Anwu County, the location of which was used for naming the two grottoes. Through textual research and onsite investigation, this paper confirms that the county seat of Anwu in the Northern Wei dynasty lay at the site of ancient Shangxiao city at Shangxiao Village in today's Zhenyuan County, and further restores two ancient roads passing through Anwu County, "Anwu Road" and "Wushi Road," to their proper appellation.
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