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《Dunhuang Research》 2017-02
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A Study on the Locations of the Wulan Pass and Wulan County in Medieval China

FENG Peihong;WANG Lei;Department of History, Zhejiang University;Institute of Dunhuang Studies, Lanzhou University;  
Both the Wulan Pass and Wulan County were located on the intersection of the north route of the Silk Road and the Yellow River, an important geographic position. They were first established in Emperor Wu's reign during the Northern Zhou dynasty, and Wulan County was once abolished in the Sui dynasty and then reestablished in the early Tang. In the reign of Empress Wu Zetian, the seat of the city was moved and continued to exist in tandem with the Wulan pass until the end of the Tang dynasty. Some scholars think that the Wulan and Huining Passes, respectively belonging to Wulan and Huining Counties, were established on the east and west banks of the river, whereas other scholars think that the Wulan Pass and the seat of Wulan County were both located within ancient Beichentan City at today's Beicheng village in Shuanglong township, Jingyuan County, Gansu province, and that they were all on the east bank of the Yellow River together with the Huining Pass and Huining County. By investigating the epitaphs and assorted relics from Wulan of the Sui and Tang dynasties unearthed from the ancient city site of Beichengtan and records of Dunhuang manuscripts about the position of the Huining Pass and the relationship between Chemu Valley and Wulan Bridge, this paper considers that the Wulan Pass and Wulan County were in fact located in ancient Beichengtan city, and in the second year of the Tianshou era in Wu Zetian's reign( 691), the Wulan County seat was moved 7 li northward to the Pingchuan area due to the gradual scouring of the river. The epitaphs record that the Fan family moved from Dunhuang to Wulan County in Huizhou Prefecture, settled there and were finally buried in Beichengtan, indicating the importance of the Hexi Corridor and Gaolan Road, both parts of the north route of the Silk Road.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目(11BZS011);; 兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费“一带一路”专项资金重点项目(15LZUJBWZX011)
【CateGory Index】: K878.3
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【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Luo Feng;A GILDED SILVER VASE IN THE CENTRAL ASIAN STYLE FROM LI XIAN'S TOMB OF THE NORTHERN ZHOU PERIOD[J];考古学报;2000-03
2 Lin Meicun;Some Persian and Central Asian Silver Wares with Inscriptions from China[J];文物;1997-09
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 9 Hits
1 Ge Chengyong;;“Drunken Fulin” : the Greek Wine God in China——on the Modeling Art of the Exotic Myth Motif on the Camel Bag Figure Unearthed from Tombs of the Sui Dynasty in Xi'an[J];文物;2018-01
2 Wang Zhengru;;Sogdians and Silk Road in Ningxia Region during the Tang Dynasty——Mutual Proof of Tablet Inscriptions and Literature[J];中国边疆史地研究;2017-04
3 Lin Meicun;;On the Royal Tributes from Kapisa during Wude Second Year in the Tang Period: A Discussion on the Relationship between the Tang Period Treasure Hoard of Hejiacun and the Royal Storehouse of Qionglinku[J];考古与文物;2017-06
4 Lin Meicun;;A Foreign Ewer with the Six Relief Heads from the Cellar of Qingshan Temple——On the Influence of Hinduist Iconography on Sogdian Zoroastrianist Art[J];文博;2017-05
5 Gao Qi'an;Lanzhou University of Finance and Economics;;The Introduction of Huping and Changing the Way of Pouring Wine in Tang Dynasty[J];丝绸之路研究集刊;2017-00
6 FENG Peihong;WANG Lei;Department of History, Zhejiang University;Institute of Dunhuang Studies, Lanzhou University;;A Study on the Locations of the Wulan Pass and Wulan County in Medieval China[J];敦煌研究;2017-02
7 RAN Wan-li;College of Cultural Heritages,Northwest University;;Cultural Exchange Between the Tang Dynasty and Persia in Terms of a Comparison of Two Stories[J];陕西师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2015-01
8 Lin Meicun;;An Archaeological Study on the Capital Site of Kuche Kingdom[J];西域研究;2015-01
9 Shi Zhongping;Ma Li;;The Style of Nectar Vessels in Tang Dynasty Guanyin Portraits from Mogao Grottoes[J];中国国家博物馆馆刊;2015-01
【Secondary Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Lin Meicun;Some Persian and Central Asian Silver Wares with Inscriptions from China[J];文物;1997-09
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