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《Dunhuang Research》 2017-02
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The Deterioration Identification System of Ancient Murals and Its Application in the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes

ZHANG Nan;ZHANG Qian;FENG Wei;WANG Xiaowei;SUN Shengli;3CAI Bolong;3SUN Jizhou;School of Computer Science and Technology, Tianjin University;Dunhuang Academy;National Research Center for Conservationof Ancient Wall Paintings and Earthen Sites;  
Murals are one of the most precious sources of cultural heritage of our countryand are of great historical and artistic value. However, due to the destruction caused by poor environmental preservation and fragile materials coupled with floods, dust, and human activities, extant ancient murals exhibit numerous kinds of deterioration. The preventive monitoring of murals and restoration of damaged relics require different measurement techniques according to the type of deterioration. One of the most important tasks faced right now is to precisely determine and catalogue the types, degrees, and size of the deterioration suffered by mural paintings, of which the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes and other sites have preserved in large number. By studying the deterioration labeling process, a fully functional labeling system has been designed for ancient murals that is professional, easy to learn, and requires much simpler procedures for operation. The use of this new technique in the Mogao caves proves that this system can reduce the arduousness of deterioration labeling work while greatly improving efficiency.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑项目:(2013BAK01B01 2013BAK01B05);; 国家自然科学基金(61100121 61272266)
【CateGory Index】: TP391.72;K879.41
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