Business Environment and Cluster Advantage:Evidence from the New Zealand Timber Industry
Martin Perry,Sun Zhenming(Massey University,Wellington 6001,New Zealand )
Four industrial cluster groups in New Zealand's timber industry are examined to determine the attributes of a sustainable cluster. Two of the four groups,helped by enterprise owners,have achieved sustainable development,while the others have failed without the support.,Business managers in organizations associated with each cluster group were interviewed by using structured and semi-structured questions. The attributes of the more successful clusters are identified related to:the mix of enterprise types;managers’ expectations from cluster participation;the business relationships between cluster participants. These characteristics lead to the development of two models of enterprise activity conducive to cluster formation. Each model has different implications for the potential impact of a cluster on enterprise growth. These findings raise a number of challenges for the advocacy of business clusters as a tool for enhancing business competitiveness.
【CateGory Index】： F461.2