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《Geography and Geo-Information Science》 2009-01
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Land Use and Land Cover Change and Its Driving Forces Analysis Based on Principle Component Analysis:A Case Study of Jiaonan City in Shandong Province

GAO Xiao-feng1,WANG Shu-de2,GONG A-du3,4,YU Dong-mei2(1.College of Resource,Environment and Tourism,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100048;2.Department of Geography,Normal College,Qingdao University,Qingdao 266071;3.Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management,Ministry of Civil Affairs,Ministry of Education(Beijing Normal University),Beijing 100875;4.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology(Beijing Normal University),Beijing 100875,China)  
In this paper,the mathematical analysis is carried on to study land use and land cover change in Jiaonan City from 1990 to 2007.Then by using SPSS software,correlation analysis and principle component analysis are carried on to confirm the mainly driving factors which affect the land use and land cover change in Jiaonan City,with 33 society and economy indexes including GDP,the proportion of agricultural population,the investment in permanent assets and so on.Through the analysis,it is found that the driving factors can be generalized as four factors:population and economic development,urbanizational level,industrial structure optimization and agricultural production conditions.The results are in a high reference value to local government in making land use plan,optimizing the structure of land use and constituting the policy and protecting the agricultural land.
【Fund】: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2006BAJ09B06、2006BAJ09B03、2006BAJ05A01);; 国家自然科学基金项目(40701114);; 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金项目(20070027017);; 北京市自然科学基金项目(8082015);; 江苏省资源环境信息工程重点实验室开放基金项目(20080102);; 数字制图与国土应用工程国家测绘局重点实验室开放基金项目(GCWD200803)
【CateGory Index】: F301.24
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