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《Progress In Geography》 2001-02
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A Study on the Contents and Methods of Disaster Assessment

SUN Shao cheng (Ministy of Civil Affair PR. China, Beijing\ 100721 China)  
As the core of disaster research, Reviews and evaluations on the works of orisk prediction, loss assessing, effects of disaster reduction and prevention are discussed in this paper. At present, international research in evaluation has made a certain progress. The work on it, however, needs to be enriched and perfected by improving the synthesis of multi subjects because of the universality of disaster evaluation. In this paper, author reviews and summarizes the evolution of disaster research in risk evaluation, loss evaluation, environment evaluation and profits evaluation of disaster prevent engineers, and discusses the connotation, content and study methods in these fields. Results show that focuses of present study in risk evaluation are put to natural attribute of disaster. Synthetic research in risk evaluation of disaster formative factors, volubility of disaster affected bodies advances slowly. Research in loss evaluation of disaster does not put enough attention to direct economy losses, indirect economy losses and other losses. Evaluation in disaster environment is a new task, and profit evaluation of disaster prevent engineer needs to be studied deeply on the basis of the principle and method of cost profit.
【Fund】: 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程所长基金资助项目 (SJ1 0 G- A0 0 - 0 6)
【CateGory Index】: X43
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