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The Relationship between Urban Structure and Traffic Demand in Guangzhou

ZHOU Suhong, YAN Xiaopei(Center for Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China)  
By using new techniques and model analysis, a case study on the relationship between urban structure and traffic demand in Guangzhou was carried out. The results show that there are certain relationships between the development of urban form and traffic demand. Firstly, the model of urban traffic ways is one of the reasons for shaping the urban forms. Secondly, the urban form directs the distribution of traffic demand. Finally, the factors of social and economic development have important impacts on both the urban forms and urban traffic demand, and their reciprocity. Meanwhile, there are also certain relationships between the urban structure and traffic demand. The balance of residents and industries is one of the factors affecting the selection of traffic ways and the distribution of traffic demand. At the same time, there are two models, e.g. demand oriented and supply oriented, concerning the relationship between urban commercial land use and traffic demand. The demand oriented one means that location is one of the most important factors affecting the commercial environment.
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