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《Acta Geographica Sinica》 2017-08
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Participation in global production networks and export product upgrading

HE Canfei;CHEN Hanghang;College of Urban and Environmental Sciences,Peking University;College of Urban Planning and Design,Peking University;  
Organized globally and led by trans-national enterprises,global production networks(GPNs) develop rapidly along with the advancement of technology and deepening of trade liberalization.GPN provides great opportunities for developing countries to blend in global economy and realize their technological advance,as well as value chain upgrading.Facing the pressure of shifting model of economic development,China has urgent need of optimizing export trade though she has experienced marvelous success especially on export trade during the past few decades,so that the study on export product upgrading can be particularly important.Based on such consideration,this article focuses on how participating GPN influences China's export product upgrade.This article uses the conception of quality to quantitively describe product upgrade,and we calculate the product quality based on data of customs trade database from 2000 to 2011.The result shows that export product quality presents a declining trend from east to west of China,and the average quality of the whole country fluctuates a lot during 2000-2011 with a slight rising trend showing up recently.We then build several econometric models to examine whether participating in GPN matters,and how exactly this influence works.The results show that participating in GPN has remarkable influence on export product upgrading especially in eastern China,but market dispersion does not help in product upgrading.We also find that RD investment cannot promote regional position in global value chain in eastern China,forming a typical "Low-end lock-in".Capitaland technology-intensive products benefit a lot from participating in GPN while labourintensive exports may open markets with low-quality products.Fiscal decentralization is a key determinant in eastern and central provinces,and local governments tend to give more support to technology-intensive product upgrading.
【Fund】: 国家杰出青年科学基金项目(41425001)~~
【CateGory Index】: F752.62
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