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《Geographical Research》 2001-06
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Dynamic change of tropical forest in Hainan Island

LIN Mei-zhen 1, ZHANG Yi-li 2 (1.Department of Geography, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510030, China; 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China)  
The driving forces and the changes of the tropical forest in Hainan Island of China were studied mainly by means of analyzing investigation data and forest survey materials, interpreting remote sensing data, using contour maps, and overlaying them with GIS, investigating the spatial variation survey and visitation during April of 1998 and May of 1999. The dynamic changes of tropical forest change as follows: 1) The area of tropical forest in Hainan Island changed obviously, which decreased from 1 200 000 hm 2 (1950) to 415 200 hm 2 (1979), and restored to 614 700 hm 2 by 1998.2) Since historical times, the changes can be divided into deceasing period (-1987) and increasing period (1987-). The former can be subdivided into three phases: resource decreased slowly (from Han Dynasty to 1933, annual average decrease of 984 hm 2), resource decreased sharply (1933~1979, annual average decrease of 27 800 hm 2) and resourcedecreased slowly (1979-1987); from1978 to 1998, the resource was restored steadily, annual average increase 20 300 hm 2. 3) Thespatial changes are mainly represented in the processof deforestation taking place from coastal plain and mesa to inland hill and basin, and finally to mountainous areain the middle of theisland. 4) Themain factors which affect the tropical forest are not the same in different phases. FromHan Dynasty to 1933,it is just due to aboriginal cultivation; from 1933to 1950, it is due to plundering cutting and destroying; and in the last 50 years, the ultimate causeis due to over fastincreasing of population and changes in policy and economy system.
【Fund】: 中国科学院重点项目资助 (KZ95 2 -J1- 0 0 8)
【CateGory Index】: S718.5
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