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《Geographical Research》 2008-02
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The impact of local creative milieu and space on cultural and creative activities in cities:The case of Nanluoguxiang in Beijing

ZHANG Chun,WANG Jing-ning,CHEN Ping,WANG Ji-ci,LU Bin(College of Environmental and Regional Science,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China)  
Beijing′s Nanluoguxiang-South Gong and Drum Lane-has a long history and rich cultural connotations.Along the lane and in the area nearby,there are several academic art institutions and prominent theaters,including The Central Academy of Drama,Beijing Art Association,Chinese Drama Theater,Beijing Seven-Color Children′s Theater and so on.Since the early 1990s when China′s institutional reform towards encouraging the commercialization of cultural undertaking began,over 30 various cafés and bars have emerged,which made Nanluoguxiang a place of interests for tourists and also a space of leisure for local residents.More importantly,it has become the breeding ground of cultural and creative activities for actors,directors,screenwriters and other artists.Nanluoguxiang′s rich resources available in the historical heritage of the old downtown provide many possibilities for creative activities. With the data collected from qualitative interviews and a small sample questionnaire of the field survey,this paper illustrates the appearance and operation of the cafés and bars in Nanluoguxiang and shows the importance of social gatherings.That can bring together all the creative personalities and the formulation of ideas may lead to collective creativity.These individuals form a social network,which actually becomes the precondition for the creative process.The physical spaces of cultural heritages become a hinge for creative ideas.Therefore,the best breeding ground for creative activities is where the creative talents can be attracted.From this points of view,it can be argued that the building of industrial parks in green fields might be useful to breed creative products,but unnecessarily efficient.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点项目“我国产业集群的理论与实证研究”(40535027)
【CateGory Index】: G127
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